Modelling Spiral Phyllotaxis

Modelling Spiral Phyllotaxis

Deborah R. Fowler, James Hanan, and Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz
University of Regina


In this paper, established geometric models of phyllotaxis are used to generate realistic images of flowers and fruits with spiral patterns. Two approaches to the placement of organs are considered: spiral arrangement on a plane and spiral arrangement on the surface of a cylinder. Images of sunflowers, daisies and zinnias have been synthesized using the planar model, while the cylindrical model is illustrated by pine cones and a pineapple.


Deborah R. Fowler, James Hanan, and Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz. Modelling Spiral Phyllotaxis. Computers & Graphics. Volume 13, Issue 3. 1989, Pages 291 - 296.

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