In these notes we survey applications of L-systems to the modeling of plants, with an emphasis on the results obtained since the comprehensive presentation of this area in The Algorithmic Beauty of Plants. The new developments include:
Keywords: L-system, fractal, plant, modeling, simulation, realistic image synthesis, emergence, artificial life.
- extensions to the L-system formalism that increase its expressive power as needed for practical biological applications,
- introduction of programming constructs that enhance the use of L-systems as a language for describing developmental algorithms and as input for simulation programs, and
- new biological applications of L-systems.
Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz, Mark Hammel, Jim Hanan, and Radomir Mech. Visual models of plant development. In G. Rozenberg and A. Salomaa, editors, Handbook of formal languages. Springer- Verlag, 1996. To appear.Part 1 Download Postscript (1.2Mb compressed, 7.5Mb uncompressed)